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Gadang House, Padang
The city of Padang as the capital of West Sumatra was one of the oldest cities on the west coast of the Indian Ocean.

When viewed from history, turned out to be a day older than the city of Padang on the day of Independence of Republic of Indonesia, Padang anniversary set by the government on August 7, 1669. This determination in accordance with the raid a heroic moment by the fighters to Loji (armory) in Muara Padang Netherlands when it was destroyed in the fire until Loji.

 Many historic buildings, through the City Tourism Office Old Padang in Padang District area of ​​the South as historic buildings.

In the history of the city of Padang when it became a metropolitan city it happened at the beginning of the 17th century. Initially the city of Padang is only inhabited by fishermen, salt farmers, and traders. Where was the Padang in the eyes of the traders of spices is not so important because trade flows towards more Minangkabau people east coast, through the great rivers that originate from Mount Merapi, where their settlements.

But since the Straits of Malacca are no longer safe from the harsh trade competition by foreign nations such as Portuguese, Spanish, English, Dutch, Malacca, Kingdom of Aceh, and the many wars and piracy, the trade flows shift to the west coast of Sumatra Island.

Aceh was the first group of tribes that came after the Portuguese conquered Malacca end of the century XVI. Since then Beach Tiku, Pariaman, and Indrapura dominated by young kings became vice Kingdom Pagarruyung important ports because of its position close to sources of commodities such as pepper, cloves, nutmeg, and gold. 

Then the Dutch came after Muara Padang because it has a nice and quite large and comfortable air. In l660 the Netherlands managed to subtly impose their will through an agreement with the young kings to drive from Muara Padang Aceh that started weak since the death of Sultan Iskandar Muda. Holland even allowed to make its trading office in Padang. Since the arrival of the Netherlands through the VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) in 1660 with intentions surrounding establish trade offices.

Even the 14 September to 3 November 1666, the VOC did the expulsion of people of Aceh (Aceh Kingdom) considered to control trade in the Valley with the help of troops Aru Palaka (Bugis), Captain Yonker (Ambon), and the people themselves, under the leadership of Padang People Kayo Kecik.
Also about the arrival of British ships (1683), which is said to intend to buy spices and many times failed. Intention to buy spices came to an end on the takeover of Padang in 1793, and manufacturing bastion. Or about penakhlukan and looting during the 16 days by pirates from France, the leader Fran├žois Thomas Le meme, in 1793, as was noted Denis Piat in 'Pirates and Corsairs in Mauritius'.

Among a series of long historical city of Padang, was recorded also refers to the anniversary date of August 7, 1669 which happens once a great battle between society and Koto Pauh VOC-hand fight in which according to Dutch records 20,000 Gulden swallowed down overnight because of rebellion.
Dutch currency is also used as legal tender. On the other hand, the people of Aceh who began to push out into the hinterland. In 1667 the Dutch made Loji that serves as a warehouse as well as barracks, then occupied the surrounding area also for security reasons.

Batang Arau northern edge of the area more and more crowded by the offices, warehouses and residences. Furthermore, the Dutch made the area of ​​separation between their settlements with the people. The Netherlands occupies a neighboring tribe China Muara, then Keling (India), the last new natives.
In a series of subsequent history, although not easy, the Dutch managed to master this region through political divide et impera it (fighting sheep) against the king of the young king. Finally on May 20, 1784 the Dutch set the Padang as the center position and trade in West Sumatra. Then the city of Padang increasingly crowded just after the Gulf Harbour Bayur, Cement Factory (Padang), Coal Mine (Sawahlunto), and the construction of the railway network.

 Unlike the Dutch colonial scars in the form of colonial buildings, the presence of Aceh in Padang Padang Urang actually gave birth to culture rather typical in the middle of other Minangkabau society. Forms Padang customs house is more like a traditional Acehnese house, so called by the name of Tower House Porch Aceh.Other effects may be seen also on the attributes of bridal apparel, custom titles such as Anger, Sutan is nearly unknown in the interior of Minangkabau. However, due to urbanization Minangkabau people from all corners of the city of Padang, nuance into Minangkabauannya can still feel even though the shape is more modern.

 Nevertheless there are many tourist attraction is a mainstay of Padang city.


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